What is a Scoliosis? Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine in a sideways direction, measuring 10 degrees or more.It can be subdivided into a functional scoliosis which is a flexible spinal curvature caused by modifiable factors such as muscle spasm or leg length discrepancy or a structural scoliosis where the spine has a fixed…Details
Introduction Plagiocephaly is a flattening of the skull due to a baby having a preference for turning or lying to one side. This can occur due to the baby being packaged tightly in their mother’s womb during pregnancy or throughout the birthing process. A baby with plagiocephaly may demonstrate tight muscles on one side of the…Details
Introduction Normal growth and development can be varied amongst children. The appearance of a child’s legs and feet compared to their peers is often a concern for parents, particularly if the child is tripping over or appears clumsy. In most cases this is simply the consequence of a postural variation which will correct as the…Details
Introduction The objective examination is a vital component in the assessment of adolescents and infants with hip pain. The following post outlines key elements in the physical examination to assist clinicians with differential diagnosis. We recommend that you read our previous post the Subjective Examination of Adolescent and Infant Hip to gain a thorough understanding of…Details
Background Information The morphology of the hip joint from birth to adolescence is a progressive process influenced by load and an individual’s genetic composition (Hogervorst, Boumer, De Boer, & de Vos, 2011) . Variations in normal morphology of the proximal femur and acetabulum in addition to excessive loads can lay the foundations for chondral and…Details
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